Non-Surgical Treatment

Periodontal Scaling And Root Planing


The objective of scaling and root planing is to remove etiologic agents, which cause inflammation to the gingival (gum) tissue and surrounding bone.  Common etiologic agents removed by this conventional periodontal therapy include dental plaque and tartar (calculus).

These non-surgical procedures are very effective for individuals suffering from early to moderate periodontitis.

What do scaling and root planing treatments involve?

Scaling and root planing treatment is usually performed under local anesthetic.

  • Scaling
    • This procedure is usually performed with special dental instruments and may include an ultrasonic scaling tool. The scaling tool removes calculus and plaque from the surface of the crown and root surfaces. 
  • Root Planing 
    • This procedure is a specific treatment which serves to remove cementum and surface dentin that is embedded with unwanted microorganisms, toxins, and tartar.  The root of the tooth is smoothed in order to promote good healing. Having clean, smooth root surfaces helps bacteria from easily colonizing in future.

Following this phase of treatment, the periodontist will thoroughly examine the gums again to see how well the pockets have healed.  If the gum pockets still measure more than 5mms in depth, additional treatments may be recommended.

If you have any concerns or questions about scaling and root planing or periodontal disease, please ask your periodontist.